Ottoman Empire 100 Years Agreement
Ottoman Empire 100 Years Agreement

From Sudan to Greece, through Georgia and Iraq, the collapse of the empire has led to new countries, installed new masters in the old countries and fueled conflicts that are still with us. The Treaty of Sevres marked the beginning of the division of the Ottoman Empire and the dismemberment of the Empire. The provisions of the treaty involved the renunciation of most territories that were not inhabited by Turkish peoples and their surrender to the Allied administration. [6] There was no general agreement between the Kurds on what the borders of Kurdistan should be, because the territories of the Kurdish colony and the political and administrative borders of the region are not in conflict. [18] The contours of Kurdistan as a unit were proposed in 1919 by Erif Pasha, who represented the Society for the Reception of Kurdistan (Kondistan Teali Cemiyeti) at the Paris Peace Conference. It defined the borders of the region as follows: the Treaty of Lausanne led to the international recognition of the sovereignty of the new Republic of Turkey as the successor state of the dissolved Ottoman Empire. [3] Following the treaty, the Ottoman public debt was divided between Turkey and the countries of the former Ottoman Empire. [27] The Strait Convention lasted only thirteen years and was replaced in 1936 by the Montreux Convention on the Strait Regime. The treaty`s customs restrictions were revised shortly after follow-up.

In 1839, Britain invaded China to crush resistance to its participation in the country`s economic and political affairs, and was one of the main objectives of the British war: the occupation of Hong Kong Island, populated on the coasts of southeastern China. The new British colony (Hong Kong Island) prospered as it became a shopping centre between East and West and a commercial and commercial centre for southern China, and in 1898 Britain gained an additional 99 years of domination over Hong Kong under the second Beijing Agreement. The Treaty of Sevres imposed much stricter conditions on the Ottoman Empire than those imposed on the German Empire by the Treaty of Versaille. [23] [24] France, Italy and Great Britain had begun secretly planning the division of the Ottoman Empire as early as 1915. The open negotiations took place over a period of more than 15 months, which began at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, continued at the London Conference of February 1920 and did not take shape until after the San Remo conference in April 1920. This delay is due to the fact that the powers have not reached an agreement, which in turn depends on the outcome of the Turkish National Movement. After Turkey`s war of independence, the Treaty of Sevres was never ratified and, after Turkey`s war of independence, most of the sevres signatory countries signed and ratified the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923 and 1924. The most important content of the second Treaty of Lausanne: the delimitation of the borders of the empire of the Ottoman caliphate, which Western countries then called “the sick man”, founded for the modern Turkish nation-state under Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and its capital Ankara. Among many agreements was a separate agreement with the United States, the Chester concession.

In the United States, the treaty was rejected by several political groups, including the Committee against the Treaty of Lausanne (COLT), and on January 18, 1927, the U.S. Senate refused to ratify the treaty by 50 votes to 34, six votes less than the two-thirds requested by the Constitution. [20] As a result, Turkey cancelled the concession. [9] And by 2023 the treaty period, which has passed a hundred years, ends, and here we understand Erdogan`s comments, since Turkey will enter a new era, and begin with the oil exploration and drilling of a new canal that will begin between the two black and marmara seas as preparation for the pricing of passing ships.